Headline: Impact of variation in climatic parameters on hydropower generation: A case of hydropower project in Nepal

Nepal has substantial potential to generate electricity through hydropower projects. Most of the hydropower projects in Nepal are Run-off-River (ROR) types. Significant seasonal variation can be pronounced on its river basins resulting in higher streamflow & higher hydropower generation during the wet/summer season and just reverse scenario in case of the dry/winter season. Thus, ROR-type hydropower in Nepal is more susceptible to Climate Change. This study assesses the impact of variation in climatic parameters on the hydropower generation by implementing WEAP model using the meteorological and hydrological data from 1976 to 2004 under Reference & Climatic Scenarios. The results reveal that the streamflow of Dordi River of Nepal is in increasing trends and can be more pronounced during April, May, June & July of the season under climatic scenarios. The generation of hydropower plant is likely to increase up to 15%, 1%–32% & 1%–51% over the study period under climatic scenario-1, 2 & 3, respectively, as compared to baseline scenario and the increments are observed to be more prominent during April & May of the season which is very crucial finding in current context of Nepal as there is power deficit during the dry season. Therefore, detailed technical and policy level planning can enhance the power generating capability of the future hydropower projects that will be developed in this corridor. This will significantly impacts the national energy planning and implementation.

Publication Year
Publication Type
Academic Articles

Singh, R., Bhattarai, N., Prajapati, A., & Shakya, S. R. (2022). Impact of variation in climatic parameters on hydropower generation: A case of hydropower project in Nepal. Heliyon, 8(12): e12240. doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12240.

Staff involved
Projects involved
A Sustainable Atmosphere for the Kathmandu Valley (SusKat)